Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71--75

Ultrasound prevalence of gallstone disease in diabetic patients at Ibadan, Nigeria


AM Agunloye, AM Adebakin, JO Adeleye, AO Ogunseyinde 
 Department of Radiology and Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A M Agunloye
Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State
Nigeria

Background: Gallstones (GS) in the gallbladder (GB) can be responsible for a whole spectrum of disease entities which may lead to a surgical emergency with high mortality. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a debilitating disease that affects all systems in the body, and literature documents a higher incidence of gallstone disease (GSD) and its complications in diabetics than in the non-diabetic population. Most local studies on the association between GS formation and DM have focused on type 2 diabetics. This study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of GS in both type 1 and type 2 DM and elucidate the demographic and social factors associated with formation of GS in diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: Four hundred diabetic patients aged between 15 and 82 years had abdominal ultrasound to diagnose or exclude the presence of GS. Results: GS was found in 70 (17.5%) of the 400 patients. Positive cases had a male to female ratio of 3:4 and 59 (51.92%) were above the age of 40 years with type 2 DM. Body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m 2 was seen in 56 (48.3%) patients; smoking and alcohol intake were insignificantly implicated. Jaundice was recorded in 8 (11.4%) while abdominal pain was in 24 (34.3%) patients, and 52 (74.3%) patients of those with GSD had had diabetes for more than 4 years. Conclusion: GSD in DM is influenced significantly by age, BMI, and duration of the disease, while gender, social factors, and parity do not influence as strong associated factors.


How to cite this article:
Agunloye A M, Adebakin A M, Adeleye J O, Ogunseyinde A O. Ultrasound prevalence of gallstone disease in diabetic patients at Ibadan, Nigeria.Niger J Clin Pract 2013;16:71-75


How to cite this URL:
Agunloye A M, Adebakin A M, Adeleye J O, Ogunseyinde A O. Ultrasound prevalence of gallstone disease in diabetic patients at Ibadan, Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2013 [cited 2022 May 20 ];16:71-75
Available from: https://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2013;volume=16;issue=1;spage=71;epage=75;aulast=Agunloye;type=0