Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 142--146

Pattern of head growth and nutritional status of microcephalic infants at early postnatal assessment in a low-income country


BO Olusanya 
 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, Maternal and Child Health Unit, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
B O Olusanya
Centre Director, Healthy Start Initiative, Ikoyi, Lagos
Nigeria

Objective: To determine the pattern of head growth and the early postnatal nutritional status of microcephalic infants in a low-income country. Materials and Methods: A cohort study in Lagos, Nigeria in which the head growth of full-term singletons within the first postnatal check-up at 6-8 weeks was evaluated using the latest World Health Organization (WHO)SQs Child Growth Standards (WHO-CGS) for head circumference. Nutritional status of microcephalic infants at follow-up was also determined after adjustments for potential confounders. Results: Of the 452 infants (male: 227) enrolled, microcephalic infants were 32 (7.1%) at birth and 34 (7.5%) at follow-up. However, while 401 (88.7%) remained normocephalic and 15 (3.3%) remained microcephalic at follow-up, 19 (4.2%) became microcephalic and 17 (3.8%) became normocephalic. Microcephalic infants were significantly underweight (P < 0.001), stunted (P < 0.001) and wasted (P < 0.001) at follow-up. Conclusions: Regardless of their status at birth, microcephalic infants at 6-8weeks are likely to be undernourished by all nutritional indices suggesting that head circumference may serve as a complementary or default screening tool for early detection of undernourished infants in resource-constrained settings.


How to cite this article:
Olusanya B O. Pattern of head growth and nutritional status of microcephalic infants at early postnatal assessment in a low-income country.Niger J Clin Pract 2012;15:142-146


How to cite this URL:
Olusanya B O. Pattern of head growth and nutritional status of microcephalic infants at early postnatal assessment in a low-income country. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 May 24 ];15:142-146
Available from: https://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2012;volume=15;issue=2;spage=142;epage=146;aulast=Olusanya;type=0