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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1387-1392

Differences in SUV39H1 and androgen receptor distribution in adenomyomatous hyperplasia and prostatic adenocarcinoma

1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey
2 Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
3 Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M Akcay Celik
Department of Medical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_61_20

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Background: Androgen receptor (AR) contributes to the growth of both early- and late-stage prostate cancer. Overexpression of suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 1 (SUV39H1) increases migration of prostate cancer cells, while depletion of SUV39H1 suppresses migration of prostate cancer cells. Aim: In this study, the aim was to show the relationships of AR and SUV39H1 with adenomyomatous hyperplasia (AH) and prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa). Materials and Methods: 70 AH and 70 PCa preparations in Pathology Department from 2013 to 16 were retrospectively investigated. Samples with immunohistochemical staining for AR and SUV39H1 were evaluated with a light microscope. After pathologic investigation of samples, AR and SUV39H1 expressions were scored. The changes in the frequencies of the obtained scores in the AH and PCa groups were analyzed statistically. Results: AR expression was observed to be greater in AH compared to PCa. This difference was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.003). SUV39H1 expression was identified to be greater in PCa compared to AH and this showed statistical significance (p = 0.031). PCa samples were identified to have nearly 1.5 times more SUV39H1 mild staining compared to AH samples and this increase was two times for SUV39H1 strong staining. Conclusion: In our study, AR expression was greater in AH compared to PCa samples. This situation is inverse to the known mechanism and cannot be clearly explained. It needs to be supported with large series and other prognostic parameters. This study observed increased SUV39H1 values in PCa compared to AH and from this aspect, it may be considered an important poor prognosis parameter.

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