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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1038-1045

Unveiling research training gaps in oncology: Evaluating a research capacity-building effort among Nigerian physicians

1 African Research Group for Oncology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2 African Research Group for Oncology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex; Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University/Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. I A Owoade
African Research Group for Oncology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1461_21

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Background: Cancers are a disease of growing public health importance in Africa, but cancer research capacity in the region is underdeveloped. The quest to foster and promote locally conceptualized and conducted oncology research in Africa have informed the African Research Group for Oncology's (ARGO) research capacity-building efforts in Nigeria. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of oncology research capacity-building initiatives among Nigerian senior trainees and junior faculty physicians. Subjects and Methods: Panel study design was employed to study Nigerian senior trainees and junior faculty physicians who participated in two research capacity-building symposia. Data were collected pre-and immediate post-symposia, and 3-month post-first symposium. Changes in knowledge were assessed using the Chi-square test and confidence levels using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In the first symposium, the participants' pass rate in the knowledge-based questions improved from 9.8% to 46.7% to 81.5% at the baseline, immediate post-symposium, and 3-month post-symposium, respectively (P < 0.001). Likewise, the participants' confidence level in carrying out certain research-related activities increased after the second symposium (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The study concludes that building capacity for oncology research in low- and middle-income countries is possible with focused symposia and educational programs.

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