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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1029-1037

Infection-Control knowledge, attitude, practice and risk perception of occupational exposure to COVID-19 among dentists: A cross-sectional survey

1 Department of Periodontology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 General Dentist, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 Family Dentist, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A A Almarghlani
Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 109725, Jeddah - 21351
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1459_21

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Background: COVID-19 is a potentially fatal disease that was announced as a global pandemic at the beginning of the year 2020. Aim: The purpose of our cross-sectional study was to evaluate the infection-control knowledge, attitude, practice, and risk perception of occupational exposure to COVID-19 among multinational dentists. Patients and Methods: A self-designed, 33-item, English questionnaire was created and distributed through social media and digital communication platforms. The questionnaire covered the demographic data, knowledge and perception of the occupational risk of the COVID-19 infections, and compared some infection control measures taken before and after this global pandemic. The results were analyzed, and four scores were used to assess the aforementioned parameters. Results: A total of 300 multinational dentists answered our survey, with the majority being females (59%) and aging from 25 to 44 years old (68%). We found that a statistically significant relationship exists between attitude and nationality, country of practice, medical condition, and the practicing specialty (P < 0.05). In addition, risk perception had a statistically significant correlation with nationality, smoking habits, education level, and specialty (P < 0.05). Furthermore, there was a statistically significant correlation between the practice score and the gender, age, smoking habits, education level, nature of the practice (private or governmental), and academia affiliation (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The study sample had good compliance with the instructions and guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centre for Disease Control (CDC), with most of them improving their infection control precautions after the virus's emergence according to the said guidelines. Furthermore, our participants were fearful of the COVID-19 virus and the fact of being potential transmitters. Despite saying that, the significant majority of them reported being confident in treating COVID-19–positive patients.

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