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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 786-793

Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood donations and transfusions in Nigeria – A multi-facility study of 34 tertiary hospitals

1 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja, Nigeria
2 National Blood Service Commission; National Hospital, Abuja; Federal Medical Centre, Asaba; Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
3 Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
4 University of Lagos Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria
5 Federal Medical Centre, Azare, Nigeria
6 Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Nigeria
7 National Orthopaedic Hospital Dala, Kano, Nigeria
8 National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi, Lagos, Nigeria
9 Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Nigeria
10 University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
11 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; Prof. Kelsey Harrison Hospital Port Harcourt, Nigeria
12 Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Nigeria
13 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
14 Braithwaite Memorial Specialist Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
15 Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
16 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
17 University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
18 Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa, Nigeria
19 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; University of Uyo Teaching Hospital; University of Calabar Teaching Hospital; Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Nigeria
20 Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane Enugu, Nigeria
21 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital; Usman Dan Fodio University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
22 Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
23 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
24 Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma; Irrua Specialist Hospital, Nigeria
25 Nisa Premier Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
26 Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Nigeria
27 University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
28 Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
29 University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Nigeria
30 National Blood Service Commission, Abuja; Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
31 Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
32 Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
33 National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Oreh
Head of Department of Planning, Research and Statistics, National Blood Service Commission, 39 Abidjan Street, Wuse Zone 3 Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1437_21

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Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic affected blood supplies globally. Mobile blood drive campaigns halted, and voluntary blood donations reduced, challenging available blood supplies. Furthermore, fears of virus transmission led to deferrals of elective surgeries and non-urgent clinical procedures with noticeable declines in blood donations and transfusions. Aims: We aimed to assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the number of blood donations and transfusions across the country by blood product type across various hospital departments. Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood services in 34 tertiary hospitals in Nigeria, comparing January to July 2019 (pre-COVID-19) to January to July 2020 (peri-COVID-19). Data were collected from the country's web-based software District Health Information System, Version 2 (DHIS2). Results: A 17.1% decline in numbers of blood donations was observed over the study period, especially in April 2020 (44.3%), a 21.7% decline in numbers of blood transfusions, especially in April 2020 (44.3%). The largest declines in transfusion were noted in surgery department for fresh frozen plasma (80.1%) [p = 0.012] and accident and emergency department transfusion of platelets (78.3%) [p = 0.005]. The least decline of statistical significance was observed in internal medicine transfusions of whole blood (19.6%) [p = 0.011]. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected the numbers of blood donations and transfusions in Nigeria. Strengthening blood services to provide various blood components and secure safe blood supplies during public health emergencies is therefore critical.

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