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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 483-489

Retrospective evaluation of peripartum hysterectomy patients: 8 years' experience of tertiary health care

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Gulucu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gaziosmanpasa University, Merkez, Tokat - 60100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1722_21

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Background: Peripartum hysterectomy (PPH), which means surgical removal of the uterus during pregnancy or postpartum period, is a life-saving procedure performed as a last resort to stop obstetric serious bleeding. Aim: Evaluation of the prevalence, risk factors, indications, associated complications, and neonatal outcomes of PPH performed in our clinic. Patients and Methods: A total of 35 patients who underwent PPH in our clinic between 2013 and 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical and demographic characteristics of patients, age, gestational week, delivery type, type of hysterectomy performed, length of hospital stay, PPH indications, additional procedures and complications during PPH, maternal and fetal mortality, neonatal characteristics, intensive care unit (ICU) need after PPH, and blood transfusion amount and time were recorded. Patients with PPH were subdivided and studied in subgroups: Emergency - elective surgery, total - subtotal hysterectomy. Results: PPH was performed in 35 (3.2/1000) patients who gave birth during the study period. The most common indication for hysterectomy was placental invasion anomaly (57.1%, n = 20), and the most performed operation was total hysterectomy (68.6%, n = 24). Bilateral hypogastric artery ligation (14.3%, n = 5) was the most common alternative procedure performed before hysterectomy, and the most common complication was bladder injury (22.9%, n = 8). Blood transfusion was performed in 94.3% (n = 33) of the patients due to acute blood loss. The mean newborn weight was 2788.79 ± 913.37 g, and the 1st and 5th-minute APGAR scores were 6.71 ± 2.25 and 7.56 ± 2.35, respectively. Conclusion: Before PPH, uterine integrity should be preserved using medical and surgical methods, but if success is not achieved, hysterectomy is the last life-saving step. It should be kept in mind that in patients with anemia and increased gravidity, the risk of bleeding may be high in the first 24 h after birth and therefore PPH may be required. It would be more appropriate for patients with placentation anomalies to be operated in experienced centers due to possible complications, increased blood transfusion, and intensive care requirement.

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