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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 425-431

Factors effective on recurrence and metastasis in phyllodes tumors

1 Department of Surgical Oncology, Cukurova University, Balcalı Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Seyhan Goverment Hospital Seyhan, Adana, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M Altiok
Huzurevleri mh 77201 sk No 4/4 Elitpark Sit C Blok Kat 5 Daire 11 Çukurova/Adana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1374_21

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Background and Aim: Phyllodes tumors (PT) are rare biphasic breast tumors containing stromal mesenchyme and epithelial components. It was classified as benign, borderline, and malignant by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although there is no certainty about the size of the desired margin in the surgery to be applied, a tumor-free area of 1 cm is often targeted. Our study aimed to determine the subtype rates in patients with PT and evaluate the surgical margin, recurrence, and survival times obtained after the surgery. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted at Seyhan Goverment Hospital and involved the PT patients treated between January 2010 and June 2020. We analyzed PT patients retrospectively. Sixty-one patients with PT were analyzed. In the patient, demographic characteristics, body mass index (BMI), surgical procedures, tumor type, size, mitosis rate, and distance of tumor to surgical margin were evaluated. During follow-up, reoperation, recurrence, metastasis, survival times, and mortality rates were evaluated. Results: Sixty-one phyllodes breast tumor patients whose histopathology was reported as malignant, borderline, and benign were evaluated and presented in our study. The mean age was 37.84 (15–100), and the BMI was 25.78 (±5.35) mm. Of the 61 patients, 41 (67.2%) were diagnosed with benign phyllodes tumor (BPT), 10 (16.4%) as borderline phyllodes tumor (BLPT), and 10 (16.4%) as malignant phyllodes tumor (MPT). Conclusions: Preoperative diagnosis of PT can reduce the rate of secondary surgical procedures and the loss of extra breast tissue. A large diameter needle and sufficient number of tissue samples for preoperative core biopsy may increase the rate of accurate diagnosis.

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