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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 368-372

Primary minor salivary gland tumors: A retrospective review of cases seen in a tertiary institution in South East Nigeria

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. U C Okechi
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku- Ozalla, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1639_21

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Background: Tumors of the minor salivary glands (MSGs) are rare. They constitute a wide range of histologic types despite their low frequency. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and pathological features of 11 different tumors of MSGs presented at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu and to compare them with similar studies done elsewhere. Patients and Method: This is a retrospective study of patients with tumors involving the MSGs seen at the OMFS and ORL clinics, UNTH. Information regarding demographic characteristics, duration at first presentation, types of tumors, site and side affected, and treatment given were recorded in patients' medical records. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23; qualitative variables were compared using Chi-square test. Result: One hundred and thirty three cases of various lesions involving the salivary gland were seen within the study period. Fifty three (39.8%) patients met the inclusion criteria and are reported further. Twenty eight (28) cases occurred in males. The mean age of the patients was 39.8 years STD 16.5, while the mean duration of the swellings at presentation was 45.5 months STD 35.4. Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common of the 29 (54.7%) benign histopathologic type seen. The soft palate was the commonest site affected 37 (69.8%). Local excision with wide margin was adequate in treating majority of the swellings 40 (75.5%), while 1 (1.9%) case of recurrence was seen within the study period. Conclusion: Tumors involving the MSGs are uncommon; males are mostly affected in our environment.

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