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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 273-280

Comparison of factors affecting patients with a myofascial temporomandibular disorder with and without sleep bruxism

1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey
2 Abdulkadir Konukoğlu, Healthy Life Center, Gaziantep, Turkey
3 Umut Rehabilitation Center, Sanliurfa, Turkey
4 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston University, Boston, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Tuncer
Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep - 27010
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1420_21

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Aims and Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between jaw function, neck disability, sleep quality, fatigue, and headache in patients with myofascial temporomandibular disorder (TMD) with sleep Bruxism (SB) and without it (non-SB). Subjects and Methods: This case-control study was conducted with a total of 200 myofascial TMD patients, comprising 91 identified as SB and 109 as non-SB. The Jaw Function Limitations Scale (JFLS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), and Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) scales and indexes were used. Results: In the group with SB compared to the non-SB group, JFLS, NDI, PUKI, and FSS scores were statistically significantly higher (P < 0.001). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups in terms of visual analog scale (VAS) (P = 0.127) and HIT-6 scores (P = 0.365). The probability of having JFLS in patients with SB compared to those without was folded 3.551 times (P = 0.002), and the probability of having NDI increased 3.473 times (P = 0.002). In addition, SB was observed to trigger poor sleep quality (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant determinant of bruxism on FSS (P = 0.196), and on HIT-6 (P = 0.488). Conclusion: It can be concluded that SB causes limitation of the jaw's functional activities, neck problems, and decreased sleep quality in myofascial TMD. These findings emphasize the importance of considering SB when evaluating and treating patients with myofascial TMD problems.

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