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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 137-143

The frequency of osteoporosis in patients with predialysis chronic renal failure and the factors affecting the development of osteoporosis


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Education and Research Hospital, Ordu University School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey
2 Samsun Dialysis Clinic, Ondokuz Mayis University, School of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey
3 Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Ordu University, School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey
4 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Education and Research Hospital, Ordu University, School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey
5 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Ondokuz Mayis University, School of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey
6 Department of Internal Medicine, Education and Research Hospital, Ordu University School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Karatas
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neprology, Education and Research Hospital, Ordu University, School of Medicine, Bucak Town, Nefs-i Bucak Street, Ordu
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_326_20

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Background: Osteoporosis is a common public health problem in chronic kidney patients. The risk factors for osteoporosis in patients with nondialysis CKD have not been fully investigated. It is not known exactly whether the risk factors of osteoporosis in the general population are also valid for the nondialysis CKD patients. Aims: This study aims to determine the frequency of osteoporosis and the risk factors for osteoporosis in nondialysis CKD patients. Patients and Methods: Our study was performed with 283 nondialysis stage 3-5 CKD patients. According to the BMD results, the patients were classified into groups as normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis according to World Health Organization criteria. Monocyte/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio (MHR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were calculated individually for all cases. Results: According to our BMD results, 67 (24%) patients were found to have osteoporosis. In the osteoporosis patient group, compared to the normal BMD group, females were higher and the mean age was higher (P = 0.025, P = 0.028). Body mass index (BMI) and eGFR were lower in the osteoporosis group (P = 0.013). Parathyroid Hormone and Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio in the patients in the osteoporosis group was higher than of those in the normal group (P = 0.026, P = 0.035). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, advanced age, female gender, and low BMI were determined as independent risk factors for the development of osteoporosis in nondialysis CKD patients. Conclusion: Advanced age, female gender and low BMI are the risk factors for osteoporosis in nondialysis CKD patients. It may be a rational approach to measure BMD for the diagnosis of osteoporosis in nondialysis CKD patients who are elderly, female and have low BMI.


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