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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1939-1944

A POEMS syndrome patient with idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension received the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: a case report and literature review

Department of Gastroenterology, Wenzhou Central Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. H Zhang
Department of Gastroenterology, Wenzhou Central Hospital, Wenzhou - 325000, Zhejiang
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_360_22

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Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare plasma cell dyscrasia disease involving multiple organs combined with idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. It has been reported only four times in the English literature. Here, we present the first case of a 62-year-old male POEMS syndrome patient with portal hypertension treated with the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), after he presented with a 10-day history of melena. The diagnosis of POEMS syndrome was given because the patient presented with polyneuropathy, monoclonal plasma cell proliferative disorder, sclerotic bone lesions, splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, ascites, hypothyroidism, and hyperpigmentation. The presence of portal hypertension was confirmed by esophageal varices, congested and edematous stomach body, splenomegaly, and transudate ascites in which the serum-ascites albumin gradient of ascites fluid was over 11 g/L (a concentration considered to be associated with POEMS syndrome), as no other causes were found. The patient fasted and received conservative drug treatments on admission, but symptoms of melena soon recurred within 1 week after resuming his diet. After TIPS and venous embolization were performed, symptoms of bleeding were effectively controlled, while the patient subsequently developed hepatic encephalopathy, which ultimately led to death. The presence of gastrointestinal bleeding in POEMS syndrome with idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension indicates a poor prognosis. Given that this was the first patient to receive TIPS, and although the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy has increased, TIPS is still acceptable for refractory variceal bleeding.

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