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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1889-1895

Evaluation of pediatric patients with COVID-19 in a Turkish university hospital

1 Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
2 Department of Radiology, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
3 Department of Child Health and Diseases, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
4 Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
5 Department of Biostatistics, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
6 Department of Microbiology, Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O O Gundeslioglu
Cukurova University, School of Medicine, Adana; Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Balcalı Hospital, Sarıçam/Adana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_331_22

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Background: Although COVID-19 has a milder course in pediatric patients than in adults, it can have a severe and fatal course in children with an underlying disease (UD). Aims: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics, treatment methods, and prognosis of pediatric patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Patients and Methods: The files of patients aged 0–18 years diagnosed with COVID-19 were retrospectively evaluated. Clinically and radiologically suspicious cases were accepted as confirmed cases if SARS-CoV-2 PCR positivity was found in nasopharyngeal swab samples. The severity of the disease was defined as asymptomatic, mild, moderate, and severe according to clinical, laboratory, and radiological features. Results: A total of 322 pediatric patients, 51.2% male and 48.8% female, were included in the study. The median age of the patients was 12.08 years (1 month–18 years). Of the 322 patients, 81 (25.1%) were asymptomatic. Disease severity was as follows: 218 were (67.7%) mild, 14 were (4.3%) moderate, and 9 (2.7%) were severe. 35.7% of the patients were hospitalized. Six percent were admitted to the intensive care unit, and three (0.93%) patients died. The mortality rate in patients with the UD was 3.3%. Conclusion: In our study, we determined that the disease had a more severe course in patients with initial procalcitonin, D-dimer, troponin increase, and thrombocytopenia. Although COVID-19 has a mild course in children, this is unfortunately not true for children with an UD.

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