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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 1240-1246

Impact of Adiponectin Resistance on Coronary Artery Disease Severity

1 Clinic for Cardiovascular Diseases, Institute for Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation “Niska Banja”, Nis, Serbia
2 Clinic for Rheumatology, Institute for Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation “Niska Banja”, Nis, Serbia
3 Department for Histology and Embryology, Medical Faculty, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Stojanovic
Clinic for Cardiovascular Diseases Institute for Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation “Niska Banja”, Nis
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_611_19

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Background: The serum adiponectin level (AD), adiponectin resistance (AD-R) may reflect the degree of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The role parameter AD-R, The Homeostasis Model Assessment-Adiponectin (HOMA-AD) index on the coronary artery disease (CAD) severity is not still understood. Objective: To determine adiponectin concentration and HOMA-AD index in patients with CAD with/without MetS and to evaluate their prognostic importance on severity of CAD. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved selected 130 examinees which were divided into three groups: CAD+MetS, CAD-MetS, control group (no CAD/MetS). In all examinees values of biochemical and anthropometric parameters were determined. We analyzed the severity of coronary artery lesions from coronary angiography. Total serum adiponectin concentration was measured by ELISA. We calculated atherogenic Gensini scoring system, Duke prognostic index, and HOMA-AD-index. Results: Serum adiponectin level was significantly lower in the group with CAD+MetS (p < 0.001) and in CAD-MetS group (p < 0.01), compared to the control group. The HOMA-AD index showed statistically significant positive correlation with the key parameters of MetS, as well as with the parameters of CAD, number of CAD and modified Gensini score. After applying logistic regression analysis the best predictors for CAD were: adiponectin, blood pressure, HOMA-IR index, and HOMA-AD index. The cut-off values of adiponectin ≤1506.38 pg/mL, HOMA-IR index ≥3.91 and HOMA-AD index ≥0.67 were associated with a higher risk of CAD. Conclusion: Patients with CAD with or without MetS had low adiponectin levels and this hypoadiponectinemia indicates that AD and HOMA-AD index may be a useful marker for identifying patients at risk for CAD.

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