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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 660-666

Evaluating the effect of subcrestal placement on platform switched short dental implants and von mises stress in D3 bone–A 3D FEM study

1 Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
2 Department of Periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M S Reddy
Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, 4184
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_362_20

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Aim: To investigate the effect of platform switched short dental implants and subcrestal placement on von Mises stress in the maxillary anterior region (D3 bone) by using three-dimensional finite element model analyses (3D FEM). Materials and Methods: Biomechanical behaviour of von Mises stress in maxillary anterior region (D3) bone were stimulated with the help of 3D FEM with the help of ANSYS WORKBENCH version 17.5. The bone model had a cortical core of (1 mm) surrounding the inner cancellous core, which represents D3 bone. Two models were designed model 1 (6 x 4.6 mm), (7.5 x 4.6 mm) and model 2 (6 x 5.8 mm), (7.5 x 5.8 mm). Loads of 100, 200 N were applied at an angle of 0°, 15°, 30° along the long axis of the tooth model. Results: In all model's cortical bone exhibited greater stress than cancellous bone. Greater stress was reported in axial direction at 30° then 15° and least at 0° irrespective of load applied. An increase in implant length (7.5 mm) did not exhibit any stress reduction in both the model but implant diameter (5.8 mm) led to reduction in von Mises stress in both the groups. Greater the force applied greater was stress in both bones irrespective of direction of force applied (200N). Lastly subcrestal (0.5 mm) placement has slight reduction in stress compared to equicrestal placement in both the groups. Conclusion: Numerical results from the current study suggest that, for short implants, implant diameter is considered more effective design parameter than implant length. Current findings state that platform switch short subcrestal implants results in conservation of marginal bone loss along with better stress distribution around peri-implant regions in D3 bone. However, all models analyzed in this study showed development of von Mesies stresses within physiological limits for human cortical bone.

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