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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 640-646

The distribution of geriatric problems in otolaryngology and their alteration from young adults

1 Department of ENT, Atilim University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2 Medicana International Hospital, ENT Clinic, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O Onay
Department of ENT, Faculty of Medicine, Atilim University, Kizilcasar Mahallesi, Incek, Golbasi/Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_509_19

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Background: Many changes occur in human physiology with aging, and as expected complaints of geriatric patients differ from the other age groups in population. Aims: The objective of the study was to investigate the common complaints of geriatric patients attending to an otolaryngology clinic (ENT clinic), and to compare their complaints with the 18–65 years aged patients'. Materials and Methods: A total number of 41888 adult patients who visited the ENT clinic from 2015 to 2018 were retrospectively investigated. Patient complaints were scanned, and subcategorized as five groups (otologic/rhinologic/head and neck/ others/ neoplasias) and all data were evaluated. Results: Forty-one thousand, eight hundred and eighty-eight patients were included in the study, and 3946 of them were geriatric patients. The most frequent problem was otologic problems, followed by rhinologic problems among geriatric patients. However, rhinologic problems were the major complaint among the 18–65-year-old patients. A comparison of all the individual complaints bringing the geriatric patients to the ENT clinic revealed the three most frequent complaints: 1. hearing loss, 2. balance disorders, and 3. common cold. However, the three major complaints beyond nongeriatric adults were 1. tonsillopharyngeal disease, 2. common cold, and 3. inflammatory and infectious diseases of the sinuses, and these differences were statistically significant (P = 0.001*). Conclusion: It was found in this study that the five most frequently reported complaints of geriatric patients when applying to an ENT clinic are hearing loss, loss of balance, common cold, cerumen, and tonsillopharyngeal diseases. Unlike from nongeriatric population, otologic problems (most commonly hearing loss) were the essential ENT clinic complaints of geriatric patients.

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