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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1808-1813

Relation between molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) occurrence and war pollutants in bombarded regions: Epidemiological pilot study in Lebanon

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
2 Medical Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
3 Department of Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Cellular Immunology, Faculty of Sciences, Beirut, Lebanon
4 Department of Forensic Odontology, Human Identification and Anthropology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Elzein
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Hadath
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_702_20

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Background: Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), a developmental enamel defect affecting one or more first permanent molars (FPMs) and sometimes incisors (PIs), is one of the most common pandemic health problems in the world. MIH etiology is still unclear and has been suggested to be related to exposure to environmental toxicants during enamel mineralization. Aims: To assess the susceptibility to MIH occurrence in regards to war pollutants through the investigation of the prevalence and the clinical characteristics of MIH in a group of Lebanese children whose FPMs and PIs enamel mineralization coincides with the 2006 Lebanese war. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in schools from different regions of Lebanon. Schoolchildren born in 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007 were examined for MIH. Clinical status, lesion type, extension, and severity were recorded using the short form chart of the MIH index. Pearson's Chi-square or Fischer's exact test were used to determine if there is a significant relationship between categorical variables. Results: An overall MIH prevalence of 22.93% has been reported. Forty-seven point seventy-five per cent had both molars and incisors affected. Demarcated opacities were the most frequently observed clinical status. Most of the MIH FPMs and PIs were mildly affected with lesions extended on less than the third of the tooth surface. Conclusions: MIH prevalence among children born around 2006 Lebanese war is high. The hypothesis of a relation between MIH susceptibility and war pollutants in bombarded regions is legible but requires to be elucidated via additional in vitro and in vivo studies for accurate risk assessment.

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