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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1779-1784

Randomised controlled study of seroma rates after mastectomy with and without quilting the skin flap to pectoralis muscle

1 Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
2 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M R Aykota
Department of Surgery, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_16_21

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Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether seroma formation was affected by reduction of the potential dead space with the flap fixation method and obliteration of the axillary region in patients with breast cancer who underwent either mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection or sentinel lymph node biopsy. A total of 105 patients with breast cancer were divided into two groups according to wound closure patterns. Patients and Methods: The operating time, postoperative pain and complications, time to drain removal, seroma formation, amount of fluid aspirated and number of aspirations were recorded prospectively. Results: No significant difference was found between groups in the rates of seroma development (P = 0.7), complication rates (P = 0.6), time to drain removal (P = 0.5), length of hospital stay (P = 0.3) or numbers of aspiration (P = 0.7). The operating time for fixation was determined to be longer than that of the classic procedure (P = 0.02). Conclusions: Reducing potential dead space with flap fixation and obliteration of the axillary region may be useful in decreasing the development of seroma in patients who have undergone mastectomy because of breast cancer. However, surgical technique must be careful, and appropriate patient follow-up must be conducted.

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