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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1706-1711

Prognostic utility of CURB-65 and E-CURB-65 scoring systems in healthcare associated pneumonia patients: Short- and long-term mortality

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Emergency Medicine, Taksim Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Department of Emergency Medicine, Beylikdüzü Public Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
5 Department of Emergency Medicine, Kahta Public Hospital, Adıyaman, Turkey
6 Department of Emergency Medicine, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T Cimilli Ozturk
Department of Emergency, Istanbul Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, E-5 over Atasehir/Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_433_18

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Background: The aim of our study is to evaluate whether the CURB-65 or expanded-CURB-65 score can be used in healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) and subgroups of HCAP patients at the same efficiency. Thirty and 90-day mortality rates of the patients and predictive values of CURB-65 and E-CURB-65 scores were compared. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients who presented to the Emergency Department between January 2015 and January 2016. All patient charts above 18 years of age were evaluated according to American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (ATS/IDSA) pneumonia diagnostic criteria and pneumonia diagnoses were confirmed. Results: 167 pneumonia patients (27.8%) of all pneumonia cases were grouped as HCAP and 433 (54.4%) were grouped as community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). 43% (n = 72) of HCAP patients were classified as nursing home-associated pneumonia (NHAP) and 57% (n = 95) were classified as HCAP (except NHAP) group. NHAP patients were older than the other groups. HCAP (except NHAP) group had somehow more comorbid diseases when compared with the other groups. However, the NHAP group had more unstable vital signs and confusion rates. Hospital and ICU admissions, 30–90-day mortality rates were all significantly higher in NHAP group E-CURB-65 was found to have better predictive values than CURB-65 for 30-day and 90-day mortalities overall. Conclusion: According to our results, commonly used scoring systems, CURB 65 and E-CURB 65, are not suitable for HCAP, NHAP, and HCAP (except NHAP) patients. NHAP patients have significant worse prognosis compared with CAP and HCAP (except NHAP) in terms of admission to intensive care and 30 and 90-day mortality rates.

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