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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 661-668

Effects of clinical factors on quality of life following curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer

1 Department of General Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Bahcesehir University VM Medical Park Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M F Kundes
Kartal Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Genel Cerrahi Kliniği, Cevizli, Kartal, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_181_18

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Aim: We aimed to assess the factors which may affect the quality of life (QoL) of the patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Subjects and Methods: Patients with gastric cancer, who underwent gastrectomy with curative intent at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index was utilized for this research. The clinical factors that might affect QoL after gastrectomy were selected. They were demographic data (age and gender), the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, body mass index (BMI), operative variables (level and type of resection, type of dissection [D1, D2], type of reconstruction, and additional organ resections), postoperative appetite level, type of oncological treatment, and pathological stages. One hundred and eighteen patients were included in this study. Results: Eighty-seven (73.7%) of them were male and mean age was 59.4 ± 10.2 (36–74). Mean follow-up period was 25.7 ± 11.3 (6–42) months. According to multivariate analysis, advanced stage, neoadjuvant therapy, lower BMI, poor appetite, and shorter follow-up were independently associated with poorer cumulative scores. Conclusions: Advanced stage, application of neoadjuvant therapy, low BMI level, and poor postoperative appetite may deteriorate the postoperative QoL of the patients with gastric cancer.

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