Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 2366   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 238-244

Sonographic determination of normal subcutaneous fat thickness in children in Southern Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Prof. E E Ekanem
Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar, Calabar
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_246_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Subcutaneous fat is a highly active metabolic tissue that exerts control on numerous biochemical and physiological processes in health and disease. Children are particularly susceptible to nutritional problems, hence the need to measure subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT) which can be used to determine their body composition. Ultrasonography provides an affordable, noninvasive, available technique of achieving this. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the normal values of SFT at the triceps, subscapular, and abdomen in children age 1–5 years using ultrasound in southern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 1750 healthy children age 1–5 years in nursery and primary schools in Calabar, Nigeria. Their body mass indexes were calculated from their weights and heights, while their triceps fat thickness (TFT), subscapular fat thickness (SuFT), and abdominal fat thickness (AFT) were measured using a 7.5-MHz linear array transducer of a Hitachi portable ultrasound machine. Results: The mean TFT value for girls was 4.6 ± 2.0 mm and 3.99 ± 1.8 mm for boys. Girls had mean SuFT value of 2.37 ± 1.41 mm and boys 2.14 ± 1.02 mm. The mean AFT value for girls was 5.53 ± 2.94 mm and for boys 4.53 ± 2.37 mm. The values at all sites were generally higher in females than in males. Conclusion: This work has provided a sonographic normogram of SFT at various sites for preschool children in Nigeria.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded160    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal