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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 231-235

Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Novel Rotary Files Manufactured from Different Thermal Treated Nickel–Titanium Wires in Artificial Canals

1 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. E Karataslioglu
Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Izmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_296_16

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Aims: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the static cyclic fatigue resistance of thermal treated rotary files with a conventional nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary file. Subjects and Methods: Four groups of 60 rotary files with similar file dimensions, geometries, and motion were selected. Groups were set as HyFlex Group [controlled memory wire (CM-Wire)], ProfileVortex Group (M-Wire), Twisted File Group (R-Phase Wire), and OneShape Group (conventional NiTi wire)] and tested using a custom-made static cyclic fatigue testing apparatus. The fracture time and fragment length of the each file was also recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test at the 95% confidence level (P = 0.05). Results: The HyFlex group had a significantly higher mean cyclic fatigue resistance than the other three groups (P < 0.001). The OneShape groups had the least fatigue resistance. Conclusions: CM-Wire alloy represented the best performance in cyclic fatigue resistance, and NiTi alloy in R-Phase had the second highest fatigue resistance. CM and R-Phase manufacturing technology processed to the conventional NiTi alloy enhance the cyclic fatigue resistance of files that have similar design and size. M-wire alloy did not show any superiority in cyclic fatigue resistance when compared with conventional NiTi wire.

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