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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 156-162

Evaluation of Teeth Development in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Patients in Mixed Dentition by Using Medical Image Control Systems

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Necmettin Erbakan University, Karatay, Turkey
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O Gezgin
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Necmettin Erbakan University, Karatay, Konya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_399_16

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the crown and root development in patients with cleft lip and palate using medical software programmes. Materials and Methods: In our study, 25 patients with mixed dentition unilateral cleft lip and palate were examined with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The tomography images obtained as high resolution medical images on the computer control system (MIMICS 15.0, Materialise, Leuven, Belgium and SOLIDWORKS 2014 Premium, Concord, Massachusetts) were converted to three-dimensional volumetric images. These three-dimensional images of the cleft on the sides of the teeth in the crown and root growth were measured by mesiodistal length and crown/root rate with volume and area. These measurements were compared with a control group of healthy individuals. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the volume, surface area and MD size, crown/root ratio of central incisor, canine, first premolar and second premolar teeth within defect, and healthy teeth. However, it was found that there was a significant difference between the volume, surface area and MD size, and crown/root ratio of the lateral teeth in each group. Conclusion: In particular, among patients with cleft lip and palate, on obtaining a solid model of the tooth structure by using these programs, tooth development can be examined in more detail, diagnosis can be made more reliable, as well as in treatment planning. We believe that these programs can be used to resolve certain limitations such as a lack of an application to be used in routine dental treatment and in particular the need to do more study.

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