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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 595-599

Prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder among medical students in the University of Jos, Nigeria


1 Department of Psychiatry, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
2 Department of Psychiatry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C N Nwoga
Department of Psychiatry, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Plateau State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.188704

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Context: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common consequence of traumatic experiences. The North Central Nigeria to which Plateau State belongs has witnessed many ethno-religious crises. While previous studies suggested a high prevalence of PTSD among students, to the best of our knowledge, no such study has been reported in Nigeria. Aims: The study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of PTSD among medical students in a university. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional systematic random sampling was used to select 200 medical students. A two staged interview with questionnaire on sociodemographic variables, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, Impact of Event Scale, and Composite International Diagnostic Interview was carried out. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS Inc. Released 2007. SPSS for Windows, version 16.0. Chicago, SPSS Inc. was used for statistical analysis. Results: Prevalence of PTSD among the students was 23.5%. Previous childhood trauma and personal experiences during the crisis were significantly associated with having PTSD. Conclusions: High prevalence rate of PTSD among medical students in Jos is an indicator of psychological consequences of the recurring crises on the inhabitants. There is a need for follow-up and counseling/trauma healing for those identified.


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