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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 57-61

Ethical issues in newer assisted reproductive technologies: A view from Nigeria

1 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
J O Fadare
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.170823

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Background: Infertility is a prevalent condition in many developing countries with significant physical and psychosocial implications. The aim of this study is to discuss briefly the ethics of newer assisted reproductive technology (ART) with special emphasis on the peculiarities in Nigeria. Methods: MEDLINE and Google Scholar were searched for English-language articles from January 1990 to July 2014 using the search terms "ethics of ART AND Nigeria," "ethical issues in in vitro fertilization AND Nigeria." Using the above search phrases, a total of 43 articles were retrieved out of which only 5 dealt specifically with the subject matter. Results: The core ethical issues found in the reviewed literature are listed in [Table 1]. Inequitable access to ART due to its high cost, lack of regulatory body, safety of the procedure, and fate of the embryos were the main themes identified from the papers. Surrogacy, sex selection, and gamete donation were additional relevant ethical issues. Conclusion: There is an urgent need for stakeholders in developing countries to formulate cultural and context-specific guidelines to help address some of these ethical dilemmas.

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