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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 678-682

Mistreatment among undergraduate medical trainees: A case study of a Nigerian medical school

1 Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Anaesthesia, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
4 Department of Family Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A O Oku
Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar, CDepartment of Community Medicine, University of Calabar, Cross River Statealabar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.144377

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Background: Several international studies have shown that abuse or mistreatment is a regular phenomenon faced by medical students. However, there is limited information on medical student abuse/mistreatment in Nigeria. The study was therefore conducted to assess the prevalence and patterns of mistreatment experienced by Medical Students in the University of Calabar. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 451 undergraduate medical trainees in the University of Calabar. Systematic sampling was used in recruiting participants into the study. A self-administered questionnaire was then employed to obtain information on patterns of mistreatment experienced by medical undergraduates. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists version 19 and level of significance set at <0.05. Results: More than a third (35.5%) of all respondents interviewed had experienced one or more forms of mistreatment during their training, with 38.5% of them experiencing it weekly. The most common form of mistreatment experienced was verbal abuse (52.5%), and the main perpetrators of these incidents were medical consultants, (18.6%) other cadre of doctors (17.3%) and lecturers (14.4%). Being in the clinical level of study and aged above 25 years were significantly associated with experiencing mistreatment in this study (P < 0.05). However, only 8.8% reported these incidents. Conclusion: With more than a third of undergraduate medical trainees experiencing mistreatment, development of appropriate strategies for the prevention and reduction of these incidents are strongly recommended.

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