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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 673-677

Pattern of mandibular third molar impaction: A cross-sectional study in northeast of Iran

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Center, Dental School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, AJA/Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 General Dentist, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran

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No 53, Mina 4th, Baharestan 10th, Sajjad Boulevard, Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.144376

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Objectives: Impacted teeth, if left untreated, have a potential to induce various complications. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molar in the Iranian population. Study Design: This cross-sectional study was performed in patients who were referred to the Department of Oral Radiology between July 2009 and October 2010 to obtain an orthopantomogram (OPG). Data were collected regarding age and gender, prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars, angulation of impacted teeth (Winter's classification), level of impaction (Pell and Gregory classification), and relationship of the mandibular third molar with the ramus (Pell and Gregory classification). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software version 11.0 with a confidence interval of 95%. Results: Among the 1433 patients included in the study, 489 (34.12%) patients were male and 944 (65.88%) were female. Of the total OPGs performed, 871 (60.78%) OPGs demonstrated at least one impacted mandibular third molar. In addition, of the 2866 mandibular third molars investigated, 1397 (48.74%) were found to be impacted. A significant association was observed between gender and the number of impacted teeth or the presence of impaction of any mandibular tooth (or teeth) (P < 0.05). The most common type of tooth angulation was mesioangular (48.67%). In addition, the most prevalent type of impaction level and ramus relationship was level B (63.85%) and Class II (48.46%), respectively. There were no significant differences between the two sides of the mandible for the prevalence of impacted third molar (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The pattern of mandibular third molars in the Northeast region of Iran revealed a high prevalence of impaction, which was mostly mesioangular, level B, and Class II with a gender predilection for females.

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