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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-158

The use of tourniquet to reduce blood loss at myomectomy

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
J I Ikechebelu
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Anambra State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20499747

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Background: Fibroids remain the commonest pelvic tumour seen in women with myomectomy being the major form of treatment in our environment. Techniques to minimize blood loss will reduce patient morbidity and the need for blood transfusions. One such technique is the use of a tourniquet during myomectomy operation. This study examines the effectiveness and safety this tourniquet technique. Method: A comparative analysis of the blood loss, transfusion rate and the morbidities associated with the use and non-use of a tourniquet during myomectomy operation at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Nigeria was undertaken. The Foley's urethral catheter was adapted as a uterine tourniquet and applied as low as possible at the base of the uterus before enucleating the fibroid masses. Result: The patients who had their myomectomy performed with application of a tourniquet [tourniquet group] and those without [no-tourniquet group] were evenly matched for age, parity and presenting symptoms. The overall mean age of patients was 35.7 + 6.1 years and parity was 0.40 + 1.25. The main presenting symptoms of the patients were lower abdominal mass 65.6%, menorrhagia 38.7%, infertility 33.3%, abdominal pain 19.4%anddysmenorrhoea14.0%.There was a statistically significant difference [P< 0.001] in mean blood loss for the no-tourniquet group[756.4 + 285.7] and the tourniquet group [515.7 + 292.8] as well as the mean blood transfusion rate in no-tourniquet group[1.0 units + 1.14] and the tourniquet group[0.24 units + 0.51]. However there was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to complication profile. Conclusion: The Foley's catheter form of tourniquet is cheap, safe, effectively reduces blood loss during myomectomy and significantly reduces transfusion rate while not adding to the complications due to the operation.

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