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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-153

Eclampsia in Irrua specialist teaching hospital: A five-year review

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, General Hospital, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S A Okogbenin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20499746

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Objective: The contribution of Eclampsia to maternal mortality in Nigeria is well documented. In Irrua it accounts for over 25% of maternal deaths. Addressing Eclampsia is therefore apriority programme of the Irrua Safe motherhood Initiative. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of eclampsia, its clinical correlates and outcome. Finally strategies will formulate programme implementation. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of cases of eclampsia in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Edo state; over a five-year period. Information was retrieved using a structured proforma. Statistical analysis was done using the excel statistical package and the Epi info 2002 statistical software. Results: Seventy eight (78) were admitted in the 5 year study. This accounted for 2.52% of total labour ward admission. However only 74 case notes were available for analysis. 70/74 of the patients were unbooked emergencies. Among the unbooked patients, 38/70 (54.29%) of the unbooked had not received any antenatal care whatsoever. The incidence was disproportionately higher in younger women and teenagers as well as in primigravida. 55/74 (74.32%) had preceding headache while 21.62% had a prior history of blurred vision, 14.86% had epigastric pain.16.22% had restlessness while 10.81% had nausea and vomiting each. The perinatal mortality rate was 28.38% while the maternal mortality ratio was 22.97%. Maternal mortality was associated with poor urinary output (0.0003), history of native medication (0.0199), number of fits (0.00209). Platelet count below 50,000/ml, highest systolic blood pressure above 200mmhg (0.000018) and pulmonary oedema (0.000558). Conclusion: Addressing Eclampsia in Irrua will include community campaigns, capacity building, retraining of staffs within the hospital and improved facilities for the management of cases.

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