Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 4927   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 74-77

Patients' knowledge of glaucoma and treatment options

Guinness Eye Center, Onitsha, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
SNN Nwosu
Guinness Eye Center, Onitsha
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Aims: To determine among glaucoma patients their knowledge of the disease; consequences; available treatment and their preferred treatment options Materials and Methods: Interviewer- administered pre-tested questionnaire was administered to consecutive glaucoma patients at the Guinness Eye Center Onitsha in June and July 2004. Results: Fifty- two patients aged 16 - 85 years who had glaucoma and had been on treatment for 6 months - 8 years were interviewed. 43 (82.7%) patients had primary school or higher education. Ten (19.2%) patients did not have any knowledge of glaucoma; only 41 (78.9%) patients were aware that glaucoma leads to irreversible blindness. There was no significant association between disease knowledge and (1) age (OR 0.8; 95%CI: 0.24, -0.20; p>0.05); (2) gender (OR 0.3; 95%CI: 0.42, -0.02; p>0.05); (3) disease duration (OR 0.35; 95%CI: 0.51, -0.07; p>0.05). Patients with at least primary school education were more likely to have knowledge of the disease than those without formal education (OR 6.3; 95%CI: 0.05, 0.75; p<0.05). But there was no significant difference in disease knowledge between patients with post primary or higher education and those with primary school or less formal education (OR 0.3; 95%CI: 0, 0.4; p>0.05). While 32 (61.5%) patients knew of surgery and or drug treatment, 31 (59.6%) would preferred drug treatment and 12 (23.1%) would accept any treatment option the doctor considered most effective. Religious belief and cultural practice would affect the choice of treatment in 5 (9.6%) and 7 (13.5%) patients respectively. Conclusions: The level of disease knowledge among glaucoma patients is low. This has negative implication for compliance with treatment of glaucoma. Persons without formal education are at the greatest risk. With 23.1% of the patients surrendering the choice of treatment to the doctor, ophthalmologists are challenged to always educate the patients on the nature and consequences of glaucoma while prescribing the most effective mode of therapy.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded352    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal