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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-36

Epistaxis in Sagamu


1 Department of Surgery, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of ENT, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Family Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O A Sogebi
Department of Surgery, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Epistaxis is a common nasal complaint with varied aetiologies. Physicians need to know the characteristics of epistaxis in their area of practice in order to give the best amongst the various treatment options.The aim of this study was to analyze the causes, management and outcome of epistaxis in Sagamu Materials and Methods: This is an analysis of the patients who had epistaxis and were managed in the Ear, Nose and Throat department of Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital in Sagamu, Ogun state between July 2003 and June 2007. Results: There were seventy-nine patients, M:F ratio was 1.3:1. There were two peak age groups between 1≠10 and 31-40, with a mean age of 34.8 years. Anterior epistaxis was present in 60.8%, 11.4% had posterior, 5.1% had combined anterior and posterior, while the location of the bleeding could not be ascertained in 22.8% of the patients. The leading causes noted were idiopathic 29.1%%, road traffic accidents 24.1%, sinonasal and nasopharyngeal malignancies 22.8%. 77.3% of the patients had their epistaxis controlled with nasal packs, with 72.2% of the nasal bleeds being well controlled without complications. 2.5% of the patients had recurrent epistaxis and 1.3% died. Conclusion: The trend of epistaxis in our study is in agreement with that found in previous studies. Nasal packings were effective methods of treatment.


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