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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

Trends in acute emergency room hypertension related deaths : An autopsy study

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, ***Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba Lagos

Correspondence Address:
A C Mbakwem
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, ***Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba Lagos

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19562914

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INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Paradigm shift and novel drugs that go beyond blood pressure control have debuted in the last decade globally and in Nigeria. The study therefore proposed to investigate the effect of the above if any on hypertension related acute deaths in patients admitted to the emergency room of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. METHOD: Autopsy reports for bodies deposited from the medical emergency room (ER) were reviewed. Details of the time of admission, time of death and blood pressure status prior to the event were obtained. Subjects were batched into two groups 1982 1991 and 1992 2001 based on periods of paradigm shift in hypertension diagnosis and management. RESULT: There were 297 hypertension related deaths but 252 were analyzed. There were 168 (66.7%) males and 84 (33.3%) females (M:F 2:1) and mean age was 47.33 +/- 12.18 years (14-85 yr). Two thirds of the subjects (65.5%) were = 50 yrs of age. The mean duration of admission was 5.88 +/- 6.41 hours. One third (35.3%) died within an hour of admission. The commonest causes of death were stroke (52.8%) and heart failure 103 (40.9%). Intra-cerebral hemorrhage was the commonest type of stroke seen, 69 (52.3%). There were fewer cases of acute deaths in the second decade under review 95 (37.7%) vs. 157 (62.3%), p = 0.02 and strokes during this period, 47 (49.47) Vs 86 (54.78), p = 0.06. CONCLUSION: There is a trend towards reduction of hypertension related acute deaths. However stroke remains a major cause of acute hypertensive death and the patients are still dying young.

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