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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 211-215

Radiological assessment of the uterus and fallopian tubes in infertile women at Abakaliki, Nigeria

Department of Radiology, Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki

Correspondence Address:
A O Imo
Department of Radiology, Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19140356

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OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at determining the pattern of abnormalities in the Hysterosalpingograms of patients who attended the Radiology Unit of Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. METHOD: The 188 hysterosalpingograms conducted between January 2002 to December 2005 were analysed.. RESULTS: The mean age in this study was 31 years. Forty-one (21.8%) Hysterosalpingograms were normal. Abnormality of the Fallopian tubes constituted 54.6% of all abnormalities recorded, uterine 33.6% and cervical 11.8%. Cornual occlusion and hydrosalpinx were the leading abnormalities of the Fallopian tube, 32.2% and 20.3% respectively, while beading of the Fallopian tubes was the least tubal abnormality recorded in 1.4%. Uterine fibroid was the leading uterine abnormality in the study (44.5%), and uterine unicornis unicollis and bicornuate uterus were the least abnormalities of the uterus recorded with 0.8% respectively. Cervical synechiae was the only cervical abnormality recorded in the study (11.8%). CONCLUSION: Hysterosalpingogram is relevant in outlining abnormalities of the fallopian tube and uterus especially in patients with infertility. The study suggests that abnormalities of the Fallopian tube are probably still a prominent contributor to infertility in our community.

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