Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 151   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-126

Adult nephrectomy : our experience at Ile-Ife

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
T A Badmus
Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 18817050

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

OBJECTIVES: To determine indications for adult nephrectomy in our community and the outcome of the procedure in our Institution. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Records of adult patients scheduled for nephrectomy at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital from January 1993 to December 2004 were reviewed. Information extracted and analysed included age of patient, sex, presentation, investigations, indication, type and outcome of nephrectomy, histopathology result and duration of follow up. RESULTS: During the period, thirty adult patients mean age 42.73 yrs (range 16-80 yrs, M:F = 2:1) were scheduled for nephrectomy. Indications included suspicion of malignancy in 19 (63.3%) patients, protracted loin pain in non-functioning kidney in 2 (6.7%), uncontrollable bleeding in a patient with bilateral polycystic kidney (3.3%), pyonephrosis with septicaemia in a patient (3.3%), kidney injury (grade 5) in 2(6.7%) and kidney donation for transplantation in 3(10%). Ultrasound and intravenous urography were useful in the patients' evaluation. Twenty-seven (90%) patients were operated upon, but only 25 (83.3%) had nephrectomy. Sixteen (53.3%) had radical nephrectomy, 5 (16.7%) had simple nephrectomy, 3 (10%) had nephro-ureterectomy, and one (3.3%) had partial nephrectomy. Major surgical complications included wound sepsis (18.5%) and primary haemorrhage (7.4%). The overall morbidity and mortality rates were 7.4% and 3.7% respectively. Postuninephrectomy, patients' renal function remained stable after an average of 34.05 months follow-up. CONCLUSION: Renal tumours constitute the main indication for adult nephrectomy in our community. Kidney injury, kidney donation, and pyonephrosis are relatively uncommon indications. Open nephrectomy, which remains our local practice, is safe and unilateral nephrectomy is compatible with normal life.

[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal