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Clinical assessment of mineral trioxide aggregate in the treatment of deep carious lesions

 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Hacettepe University, 06100 Sıhhıye/Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
UK Vural,
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Hacettepe University, 6080 Sıhhıye/Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Objective: This clinical study aimed to assess the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) in the treatment of deep carious lesions using the direct complete caries excavation technique. Subjects and Methods: Hundred permanent molars/premolars were capped either with Ca (OH)2 (n = 49) or MTA (n = 51) and restored with composite resin in 73 patients. Periapical radiographs were taken prior to the treatment, at 6 months and 12 months. Two calibrated examiners clinically and radiographically assessed the periapical pathology and pulpal symptoms. Inter-group comparisons of the observed values were analyzed using Fisher's exact test. Significance was predetermined at α = 0.05. Results: Recall rates were 100% at 6 and 12 months. Four teeth capped with Ca(OH)2 (two each at the end of 6 and 12 months) and one tooth capped with MTA (at the end of 12 months) received endodontic emergency treatment because of symptoms of irreversible pulpitis that were clinically and/or radiographically established. There was no significant difference between the protection of the tooth vitality and pulp capping agents at 6 and 12 months (P = 0.238, P = 0.606, respectively). Conclusion: Both materials were clinically applicable at the end of 12 months.

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    -  Vural U K
    -  Kiremitçi A
    -  Gökalp S
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